Symptoms of an Abscess
may present with the following symptoms:
A localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue.
- Periorbital edema or pain
- Cranial nerve abnormalities.
This infection can be life-threatening and must be addressed emergently.
First-line empiric antibiotic therapy for dental abscesses is penicillin or amoxicillin and clindamycin for penicillin-allergic patients.
Suspicion of a dental abscess requires urgent referral to a dentist for definitive care.
Efforts must be made to locate the site of infection, incise and drain the pus collection, and collect a specimen for culture and sensitivities.
An abscessed tooth often must be extracted. Antibiotic therapy is also required, especially in cases of contiguous spread of the infection.