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Oral Piercing and Grills

The American Dental Association and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry have officially recommended against intraoral/perioral piercing and tongue splitting because of the potential for numerous negative sequelae.

Procedure-Related Risks

  • Swelling
  • Infection
    • Oral piercing carries a risk for infection due to trauma of the skin or oral tissues and the vast amount of bacteria in the mouth.  
    • Blood-borne disease transmission - Possible transmission of Hepatitis B, C, D, or G if the procedure is performed in non-sterile manner.
    • Endocarditis
      Endocarditis: Inflammation of the lining of the heart and its valves.
      • Oral piercing is a route of entry of bacteria into the bloodstream
      • May result in endocarditis for patients with cardiac abnormalities
  • Prolonged bleeding and possible nerve damage
 
 
The American Dental Association and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommend against all oral piercings.
 
The most common procedure-related risks are swelling, bleeding, and infection.
 
Oral piercings commonly injure the gums, tongue, or teeth.
 
Allergic reactions to the metal in piercings and grills may be delayed.
View the Chapter 13 Photo Gallery.