A number of tooth abnormalities can occur in development. These can relate to the shape, color, physical structure, or number of teeth.
Number of Teeth
The lack of some tooth development.
can be caused by some of the same problems that cause delayed tooth eruption (eg, Down syndrome, ectodermal dysplasias, chemotherapy, radiation therapy). The prevalence of hypodontia is approximately 3% in the United States, excluding the absence of the third molars (wisdom teeth), which occurs in approximately 20% of individuals.
An especially congenital absence of teeth.
is extremely rare and most often associated with hypohydrotic ectodermal dysplasia.
A congenital condition marked by a greater than normal number of teeth.
prevalence ranges from 0.1% to 3.8% and can be associated with genetic disorders such as
A rare condition inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion and characterized especially by partial or complete absence of the clavicles, defective ossification of the skull, and faulty occlusion due to missing, misplaced, or supernumerary teeth.
and Gardner’s syndrome
A disease of the large intestine that is marked by the formation especially in the colon and rectum of numerous adenomatous polyps which typically become malignant if left untreated; inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.
(Familial Adenomatous Polyposis
Abnormal tooth shape can result from a variety of medical conditions. Some recognizable names of these abnormal teeth and their causes include Hutchinson incisors (congenital syphilis), mulberry teeth (congenital syphilis), and conical teeth (ectodermal dysplasias).