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Dental Caries, continued
Anticipatory guidance in caries prevention for adolescents is generally similar to that of young children:
 
Encourage fluoridated water intake.
 
Recommend fluoride supplementation for those not having access to fluoridated water (up to age 16).
 
Encourage fluoridated toothpaste use twice a day.
 
Encourage daily flossing.
 
Encourage and assist in referrals for dental visits that can provide preventive strategies such as dental sealants, topical fluoride, plaque and
Calculus: A concretion on teeth; an incrustation on the teeth consisting of plaque that has become hardened by the deposition of mineral salts.
calculus removal, and restorative measures.
 
Promote a healthy diet with rare snacking on sugared or acidic foods and liquids.
 
Encourage and empower parental assistance in oral hygiene for adolescents with special health care needs.

For more information about the caries process, refer to Chapter 4: Caries.
 
 
Nearly 80% of 17-year-olds have had at least one cavity in their lifetime.
 
Frequent snacking and regular exposure to acidic drinks such as soda are common risks for caries in adolescents.
 
A review of oral hygiene practices, diet, and fluoride intake is important at all routine visits.
 
Fluoride supplementation should continue until age 16 for all eligible children.
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