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Trauma

Adolescents are at increased risk for trauma to the mouth and teeth because of their active lifestyle and increased risk-taking behaviors.

Oral and facial trauma can occur secondary to falls, violence, athletics, or motor vehicle and other accidents.

Risk Factors for Oral Trauma

 
Children with compromised protective reflexes or poor coordination (eg, children with special health care needs)
 
Lack of use of protective face and mouth gear for athletes
 
Substance abuse (by the adolescent or within the family)
 
Child abuse or neglect
 
Malocclusion: An abnormality in the coming together of teeth.
Malocclusion with protruding front teeth
 
Hyperactivity
 
Oral piercings

Pediatricians should routinely ask about sports participation and provide appropriate oral injury prevention and management guidance. (See Chapter 10: Oral Injury.)

 
 
The risk for oral trauma increases in adolescence.
 
Substance abuse, risk-taking, and violence are risk factors for oral trauma that increase during adolescence.
 
Adolescents who participate in athletics should be counseled to wear protective mouth gear for games and practices.



View the Chapter 13 Photo Gallery.