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American Academy of Pediatrics




Select articles from Pediatrics are published online each Monday of the month before the print issue. Twelve articles from the January 2012 print issue will be published online Monday, December 12. The embargo on these articles will lift Monday, December 12, at 12:01 a.m. ET.

All print, broadcast and online journalists who receive the AAP media mailing agree to abide by the embargo and may not publish, post, broadcast or distribute embargoed news releases or details of the embargoed studies before the embargo date and time. Please review the Embargo Policy at http://www.aap.org/pressroom/aappr-embargopolicy.htm.

Pediatrics is the peer-reviewed, scientific journal of the AAP. The journal’s editorial process is independent of the AAP. Other than official AAP-authored reports, articles published in Pediatrics do not necessarily reflect the policies of the AAP. Please attribute the source as the journal, Pediatrics when covering information from this mailing.

December 12 News Highlights


Substance use, conduct problems and depression increase in black adolescents as they enter high school. A study that examined a family-centered prevention program found it reduced these problems by more than 30 percent compared to a control group, providing a model that could be adapted by public health agencies, schools, churches and other community organizations. The study, “Family-centered Program Deters Substance Use, Conduct Problems, and Depressive Symptoms in Black Adolescents,” in the January 2012 Pediatrics (published online Dec. 12), tested the Strong African American Families - Teen (SAAF-T) program among 252 10th grade students, compared to 250 students in a control group. The adolescents and their caregivers in the study group attended 10 hours of programming where they learned strategies for dealing with discrimination, the importance of academic success, goal formation and strategies for attaining educational and occupational goals. The program was associated with a 36 percent decrease in conduct problems; a 32 percent decrease in substance use; and a 47 percent decrease in substance use problems. Program participants also experienced 4.5 percent fewer depressive symptoms compared to the control group. Study authors conclude the program is effective and could be disseminated at the community level.


Babies born at an extremely low birth weight (under 400 grams, or 13 ounces), are considered high risk and more likely to experience unfavorable outcomes than babies born at a heavier weight. However, in the case report, “Long-term Follow-up of 2 Newborns With a Combined Birth Weight of 540 grams,” in the January 2012 Pediatrics (published online Dec. 12, 2011), researchers report on the normal development of the smallest and third-smallest surviving babies in the world, now at 5 and 20 years of age, respectively, and both born at Loyola University Medical Center in Illinois. Madeline was born in 1989 at 26 weeks gestation with a birth weight of 280 grams, and Rumaisa was born in 2004 at 25 weeks gestation with a weight of 260 grams, the lowest documented in the world. Both babies experienced normal motor and language development by three years of age, and developmental milestones were achieved at appropriate age levels. Study authors feel that advances in neonatal care will continue to allow the resuscitation and survival of smaller and smaller newborns, but ethical and medical issues will continue to be discussed.

Full Table of Contents for December 12 Pediatrics

Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors for Symptomatic Pediatric Gallbladder Disease

Family-centered Program Deters Substance Use, Conduct Problems, and Depressive Symptoms in Black Adolescents

Histologic Chorioamnionitis Is Associated With Reduced Risk of Late-Onset Sepsis in Preterm Infants

Identifying Quality Improvement Opportunities in a Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program

Long-term Follow-up of 2 Newborns With a Combined Birth Weight of 540 Grams (case report)

Multicentric Castleman Disease in an HHV-8-Infected Child Born to Consanguineous Parents (case report)

Peer-led Education for Adolescents With Asthma in Jordan: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

Preterm Birth Alters the Maturation of Baroreflex Sensitivity in Sleeping Infants

Prognostic Models for Stillbirth and Neonatal Death in Very Preterm Birth: A Validation Study

Ranitidine is Associated With Infections, Necrotizing Enterocolitis, and Fatal Outcome in Newborns

The Natural Course of Infantile Spinal Muscular Atrophy With Respiratory Distress Type 1 (SMARD1)

Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Is Not Associated With Sickle Cell Crises in Children

The FAAP designation following a pediatrician’s name stands for Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatricians with a FAAP designation have obtained board certification in pediatrics and made an ongoing commitment to continuing learning and advocacy for children.

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