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American Academy of Pediatrics




Select articles from Pediatrics are published online each Monday of the month before the print issue. Fourteen articles from the January 2012 print issue will be published online Monday, December 19. The embargo on these articles will lift Monday, December 19, at 12:01 a.m. ET.
To request the full text of individual studies, contact Debbie Linchesky at dlinchesky@aap.org  (847-434-7084) or Susan Martin at ssmartin@aap.org  (847-434-7131). Please do not send e-mails to the AAP media mailing box, as it is not monitored.
All print, broadcast and online journalists who receive the AAP media mailing agree to abide by the embargo and may not publish, post, broadcast or distribute embargoed news releases or details of the embargoed studies before the embargo date and time. Please review the Embargo Policy at http://www.aap.org/pressroom/aappr-embargopolicy.htm.
Pediatrics is the peer-reviewed, scientific journal of the AAP. The journal’s editorial process is independent of the AAP. Other than official AAP-authored reports, articles published in Pediatrics do not necessarily reflect the policies of the AAP. Please attribute the source as the journal, Pediatrics when covering information from this mailing.

December 19 News Highlights
Excluding minor traffic violations, America’s youth are arrested or taken into custody for criminal activities, resulting in a destructive and unhealthy start in life. In the study, “Cumulative Prevalence of Arrest From Ages 8 to 23 in a National Sample,” in the January 2012 Pediatrics (published online Dec. 19, 2011), researchers estimated the cumulative arrest data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth from ages 8 to 23 years from 1997-2008. By age 23, a significant percentage of the population (25.3 percent to 41.4 percent) has been arrested at least once for a non-traffic offense and the greatest increase in the risk of arrest happening during late adolescence. By 18 years of age, the arrest rate is between 15.9 percent and 26.8 percent. Early risk factors that can lead to such delinquency include poor academic performance, discord or abuse in the home, hyperactive behavior and poor concentration or language development. Because all of these factors can be identified by pediatricians, study authors agree that early intervention by family members and pediatricians can direct at-risk children to treatment programs or help them steer away from violent and unsafe behavior.

The medical home concept was originally developed to help support children with special health care needs. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) defines the medical home as a model of care that is accessible, family-centered, continuous, comprehensive, coordinated, compassionate and culturally effective and is the source of primary care. But does the medical home benefit children without special needs? The study, “The Value of the Medical Home for Children Without Special Health Care Needs,” in the January 2012 Pediatrics (published online Dec. 19, 2011) found that the medical home setting does provide benefits to children without special health care needs. Overall, 58 percent of children without special health care needs have a medical home. Benefits of this setting include improved health care use, including decreased emergency department visits, and increased health-promoting behaviors such as family reading, sleep hygiene, helmet use and decreased screen time. The authors conclude that their findings strengthen the evidence base supporting the AAP recommendation that all children have a medical home.
Full Table of Contents for December 19 Pediatrics
Bovine Lactoferrin Prevents Invasive Fungal Infections in Very Low Birth Weight Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Cumulative Prevalence of Arrest From Ages 8 to 23 in a National Sample
Early Childhood Overweight and Asthma and Allergic Sensitization at 8 Years of Age
Early Intervention Improves Behavioral Outcomes for Preterm Infants: Randomized Controlled Trial
Impact of a Transcutaneous Bilirubinometry Program on Resource Utilization and Severe Hyperbilirubinemia
Mortality and Adverse Neurologic Outcomes Are Greater in Preterm Male Infants
Overview of the Global Health Issues Facing Children
Recurrent Parotitis as a Presentation of Primary Pediatric Sjögren Syndrome (case report)
Shared Decision-Making and Health Care Expenditures Among Children With Special Health Care Needs
Taking the Pulse of Pediatrics
The Value of the Medical Home for Children Without Special Health Care Needs
US Estimates of Hospitalized Children With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Implications for Clinical Trials
Use of Palivizumab in Primary Practice
Validation of a Clinical Prediction Rule to Distinguish Lyme Meningitis From Aseptic Meningitis

The FAAP designation following a pediatrician’s name stands for Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatricians with a FAAP designation have obtained board certification in pediatrics and made an ongoing commitment to continuing learning and advocacy for children.

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