External Organizations' Policy Statements and Other Reports

This list is intended to include some policies from other organizations.  The dates indicate publication, revision or retirement.  The order is alphabetical by title/topic.  These have not been endorsed by the AAP but may be of interest to some of us.  As we find additional policies we will add them but this is not intended to be comprehensive.  The Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs of the AMA also maintains policies.

B08-02 - Advance care planning for paediatric patients.  Canadian Paediatric Society.  2008.

ACMG recommendations for reporting of incidental findings in clinical exome and genome sequencing.  American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics.  2013.

American College of Physicians Ethics Manual: 6th edition.  Ann Intern Med.  2012; 156: 73-104.

Code of Ethics for Nurses.  American Nurses Association.

Opinion 2.162 - Anencephalic neonates as organ donors.  American Medical Association.  

Biometrics: Enhancing Security or Invading Privacy? Irish Council for Bioethics. 2009.

Opinion 2.151 - Cadaveric organ donation: encouraging the study of motivation.  American Medical Association.

CCMG Statement on Direct to Consumer Genetic Testing. Canadian College of Medical Geneticists.  2011. (password may be  required)

Opinion 9.03 - Civil Rights and Professional Responsibility. American Medical Association  Issued prior to 1977.  Updated 1994 and June 2008.

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Quality Palliative Care. 2013-3rd.  National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care.

Code of Ethics and Conflict of Interest Policy. American Cancer Society. 2010.

Code of Professional Ethics. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. 2008.

Communications Media: Standards of Professional Responsibility. Opinion 5.04. American Medical Association.  Updated 1996.

Opinion 5.05 - Confidentiality. American Medical Association. 1983, 1994, 2007.

Opinion 5.055 - Confidential Care for Minors. American Medical Association.

Opinion 5.05 - Confidentiality. American Medical Association  updated. 2007.

Conflict and Duality of Interest Policy for Review Committee Members
(ACGME Sections 13.31-13.33, look on page 5 of this word document)

Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice
. Institute of Medicine. 2009.

Opinion 8.051-Conflicts of Interest under Capitation. American Medical Association.

Conflict of Interest Policy.
American Medical Association. 1999.

Opinion 8.03 - Conflicts of Interest: Guidelines
.  American Medical Association.   

Conflict of Interest Policy for Editors of Clinical Chemistry
. AACC Board of Directors. 2008.

Conflict of Interest - Policies at Academic Medical Centers. 
Institute of Medicine. 

HRS Expert Consensus Statement on the Management of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIEDs) in patients nearing end of life or requesting withdrawal of therapy.   This document was developed in collaboration and endorsed by the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Geriatrics Society (AGS), the American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine (AAHPM); the American Heart Association (AHA), the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), and the Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association (HPNA)

Disclosure and management of research findings in stem cell research and banking: policy statement
. International Stem Forum Ethics Working Party.

Opinion 5.015 - Direct-to-consumer advertisements of prescription drugs.
American Medical Association. 

Direct-To-Consumer Genetic Testing
. American College of Medical Genetics Statement. 2008. (Membership and sign in required to view)

Opinion 2.131 - Disclosure of familial risk in genetic testing
. American Medical Association. 2003.

Disposition of abandoned embryos: a committee opinion
Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. 2013.

Opinion 2.22 - Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders
. American Medical Association. 1992. 

E-mail communication in paediatrics: Ethical and clinical considerations
. 2010. (pdf format)

Ethical Conduct in Assisted Reproductive Technology—Opinion 2.055. American Medical Association.

B08-01 - Ethical issues in health research in children.  Canadian Paediatric Society. 2008.

B11-01 - Ethical participation of children and youth in medical education. Canadian Paediatric Society.  2011.

Opinion 8.121 - Ethical Responsibility to Study and Prevent Error and Harm.  American Medical Association. 2003.

Ethics Abandoned: Medical Professionalism and Detainee Abuse in the War on Terror. The report from the Institute on Medicine as a Profession on health professionals and detainees. 

Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subject. World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

Euthanasia and Assisted Death – Canadian Medical Association.  2014

Exam Room Computing & Patient-physician Interactions. (Resolution 701-A-12 –American Medical Association Report of the Board of Trustees. 2013.

Financial Incentives and the Practice of Medicine. American Medical Association.

Statement on NIH funding of research using gene-editing technologies in human embryos. National Institute of Health. 2015

Genetic testing in asymptomatic minors: Background considerations towards ESHG Recommendations. European Society of Human Genetics. 2009.

Genetic Testing: A Common Framework of Principles for direct-to-consumer genetic testing services. Human Genetics Commission. 2010.

Genome editing in human cells — initial joint statement. Academy of Medical Sciences and Association of Medical Research Charities and Bioscience for the Future and  Medical Research Council and Wellcome Trust.

Opinion 8.061 - Gifts to Physicians from Industry. American Medical Association.

B03-01 - Guidelines for genetic testing of healthy children. Canadian Paediatric Society. 2003.

Opinion 8.08 - Informed Consent. American Medical Association. 2006. 

Opinion 8.20 - Invalid Medical Treatment. American Medical Association. 

Legislative Interference with Patient Care, Medical Decisions, and the Patient-Physician Relationship.  American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists & American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.  2013.

Maintaining Patients’ Trust: Modern Medical Professionalism. Society for Cardiothoracic Surgery in Great Britain & Ireland. 

Opinion 2.015  - Mandatory Parental Consent to Abortion. American Medical Association.

Opinion 2.161 - medical applications of fetal tissue transplantation.  American Medical Association.  

Medical Ethics Today: The BMA handbook of ethics and law.

Neonatal End of Lie Decision Making.  French Society of Neonatology.  2011. 

Neonatal Euthanasia: the Groningen Protocol    American College of Pediatricians

Opinion 2.225 - Optimal Use of Orders Not-to-Intervene and Advance Directives. American Medical Association.

Opinion 2.157 - Organ donation after cardiac death.  America Medical Association.  

Opinion 2.16 - Organ transplantation guidelines.  American Medical Association.  

Pathways for Physician Success under Healthcare Payments and Delivery Reforms. American Medical Association 2010.  

Opinion 8.12 - Patient Information. American Medical Association. 1994.

Opinion 9.12 - Patient-Physician Relationship: Respect for Law and Human Rights. American Medical Association. Issued July 1986,  updated June 1994 and June 2008. 

Pediatric Decision Making.  American Medical Association CEJA Report. 2007.

Opinion 8.181 - Performing Procedures in the Newly Deceased for Training Purposes. American Medical Association.  2001. 

Opinion 9.067 Physician Obligation in Disaster Preparedness and Response. American Medical Association. 2009.

Opinion 9.0305 - Physician Health and Wellness.  American Medical Association  Issued June 2004. 

Physicians Ethics Manual.  American College of Physicians.  6th edition.  2012.

Opinion 8.056 - Physician Pay-for-Performance Programs. American Medical Association.

Opinion 5.10 - A Physician’s Role Following a Breach of Electronic Health Information. American Medical Association 2010. 

Physicians and the Ontario Human Rights Code.  College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario

Opinion 8.083 - Placebo Use in Clinical Practice.  American Medical Association. 2007.

Opinion 2.145 - Pre-embryo splitting.  American Medical Association.

Opinion 8.06 - Prescribing and Dispensing Drugs  and Devices. American Medical Association.

Opinion 2.155 - presumed consent and mandated choice for organs from deceased donors. American Medical Association.  

Principles to Guide the Relationship between Graduate Medical Education and Industry. ACGME. 2002.

Professional medical associations and their relationships with industry: A proposal for controlling conflict of interest. American Medical Association. 2009. 

Policy Number:#2-15 - Professional Obligations and Human Rights.  College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario.  2008, 2015. 

Opinion 9.14 - Quality.  American Medical Association. 2009.

Opinion 2.17 - Quality of Life. American Medical Association.

Opinion 9.121 - Racial and Ethnic Health Care Disparities. American Medical Association.  2005. 

Opinion 9.032 - Reporting Adverse Drug or Device Events. American Medical Association. 1993.

Opinion 8.055 - Retainer Practices
. American Medical Association.

Role of the physician in the voluntary termination of life
.  KNMG Position Paper. 2011.

Opinion 9.133 - Routine Universal Immunization of Physicians
. American Medical Association. 2010.

Opinion 2.079 - Safeguards in the use of dna databanks in genomic research
.  American Medical Association.  2001.

Opinion 9.133 - Routine Universal Immunization of Physicians. American Medical Association. 2010.

Opinion 2.079 - Safeguards in the use of dna databanks in genomic research. American Medical Association.  2001.

Opinion 2.152 - Solicitation of the public for directed donation of organs for transplantation
. American Medical Association.  

Opinion 3.06 - Sports Medicine.  American Medical Association  1983, 1994

Statement on Forced and Coerced Sterilization
. World Medical Association. 2012.

Opinion 2.076 - Surgical “Placebo” Controls
. American Medical Association. 

Opinion 2.15 - transplantation of organs from living donors
. American Medical Association.  

Opinion 2.215 - Treatment Decisions for Seriously Ill Newborns
.  American Medical Association.

B04-01 Treatment decisions regarding infants, children and adolescents
. Canadian Paediatric Society. 2004.  (pdf format) (revision in progress)

U.S. Medical School Policies on Individual Financial Conflicts of Interest: Results of an AAMC Survey
. AAMC. 2004

B05-01 - Use of anencephalic newborns as donors
. Canadian Paediatric Society. 2005.

Opinion 2.25 – The Use of Quarantine and Isolation as Public Health Interventions  American Medical Association.  2006

What Next for Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS)? A Position Statement from the ESHRE PGD Consortium

Steering Committee
.  Europea Society of Human Reproduction & Embryology. 2010.

Withholding or withdrawing life-sustaining medical treatment-Opinion 2.20. American Medical Association. 

Withholding and withdrawing artificial nutrition and hydration. Canadian Paediatric Society, Bioethics Committee. 2011.

Opinion 2.169 - Xenotransplantation and Ethical Implications.  American Medical Association. 

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