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Alvarez-Olmos MI, Oberhelman RA: Probiotic agents and infectious diseases: a modern perspective on a traditional therapy. CID 32: 1567-1576, 2001.

Bibiloni R, et al: VSL#3 probiotic-mixture induces remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis. Am J Gastroenterol 100: 1539-46, 2005.

Bruzzese E, et al: Microflora in inflammatory bowel diseases: a pediatric perspective. J Clin Gastroenterol 38: S91-S93, 2004.

Guandalini S: Use of Lactobacillus-GG in paediatric Crohn's disease. Dig Liver Dis 34 S 2: S63-65, 2002.

Gupta P, et al: Is lactobacillus GG helpful in children with Crohn's disease? Results of a preliminary, open-label study. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 31:453-457, 2000.

Kalliomaki M, et al: Probiotics in primary prevention of atopic disease: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 357: 1076-1079, 2001.

Kalliomaki M, et al: Probiotics and prevention of atopic disease: 4-year follow-up of randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 361: 1869-1871, 2003.

Lin H, et al: Oral probiotics reduce the incidence and severity of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Pediatrics 115: 1-4, 2005.

Lodinova-Zadnikova R, et al: Oral administration of probiotic Escherichia coli after birth reduces frequency of allergies and repeated infections later in life (after 10 and 20 years). Int Arch Allergy Immunol 131:209-211, 2003.

Madara J: Building an intestine - architectural contributions of commensal bacteria. N Engl J Med 351: 1685-1686, 2004.

Murch SH: Probiotics as mainstream allergy therapy? Arch Dis Child 90: 881-882, 2005.

O'Mahony L, et al: Lactobacillus and bifidobacterium in irritable bowel syndrome: symptom responses and relationship to cytokine profiles. Gastroenterology 128: 541-551, 2005.

Passeron T, et al: Prebiotics and synbiotics: two promising approaches for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in children above 2 years. Allergy 61: 431-437, 2006.

Rastall RA: Bacteria in the gut: friends and foes and how to alter the balance. J Nutr 134: 2022S-2026S, 2004.

Ruatava S, et al: New therapeutic strategy for combating the increasing burden of allergic disease: Probiotics - a Nutrition, Allergy, Mucosal Immunology and Intestinal Microbiota (NAMI) Research Group report. J Allergy Clin Immunol 116: 31-37, 2005.

Rosenfeldt V, et al: Effect of probiotics on gastrointestinal symptoms and small intestinal permeability in children with atopic dermatitis. J Pediatr 145: 612-616, 2004.

Rosenfeldt V, et al: Effect of probiotic Lactobacillus strains in children with atopic dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol 111: 389-395, 2003.

Saavedra JM, et al: Long-term consumption of infant formulas containing live probiotic bacteria: tolerance and safety. Am J Clin Nutr 79: 261-267, 2004.

Savino F, et al: Intestinal microflora in breastfed colicky and non-colicky infants. Acta Paediatr 93: 825-829, 2004.

Savino F, et al: Bacterial counts of intestinal Lactobacillus species in infants with colic. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 16: 72-75, 2005.

Schrezenmeir J, et al: Benefits of oral supplementation with and without synbiotics in young children with acute bacterial infections. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 43: 239-249, 2004.

Teitelbaum JE: Probiotics and the treatment of infectious diarrhea. Pediatr Infect Dis J 24: 267-268, 2005.

Vanderhoof JA, et al: Lactobacillus GG in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children. J Pediatr 135: 564-568, 1999.

Van Niel CW, et al: Lactobacillus therapy for acute infectious diarrhea in children: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics 109: 678-684, 2002.

Weizman Z, et al: Effect of a probiotic infant formula on infections in child care centers: comparison of two probiotic agents. Pediatrics 115: 5-9, 2005.

Weston S, et al: Effects of probiotics on atopic dermatitis: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Dis Child 90: 892-897, 2005.

Young RJ, Huffman S: Probiotic use in children. J Pediatr Health Care 17: 277-283, 2003.

McFarland LV: Meta-analysis of probiotics for the prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhea and the treatment of Clostridium difficile disease. Am J Gastroenterol 101: 812-822, 2006.

Kurugol Z, Koturoglu G: Effects of Saccharomyces boulardii in children with acute diarrhoea. Acta Paediatr 94: 44-47, 2005.

Charrois TL, et al: Probiotics. Pediatr Rev 27: 137-139, 2006.



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